Wind farm

A wind farm is a group of wind turbines that generate electricity in a common location. A wind farm may also be called a wind power station, a wind power plant, or a wind park. A wind farm may range from a few turbines with a combined capacity of a few MW to several hundred turbines with combined capacity in the thousands of MW. Most land-based wind farms in the United States range in capacity from 50 MW to 100 MW. In the United States almost all wind farms are located onshore, but in Europe a number of offshore wind farms are in operation.

 

An onshore wind farm in Scotland

 

An offshore windfarm in the North Sea off the coast of England

 

Wind farms are located based on the availability of wind resource measured by average wind speed, topography and potential barriers to wind, the availability of transmission lines to deliver the power to load centers, access for construction and maintenance, ownership of land, suitability of land use, and availability of permits.

Map of U.S. wind resources
based on annual average wind speed (in meters per second) at 80 meters above the surface. Source: NREL.gov

As of 2020, the world’s largest (total capacity) wind farms are:

Jiuquan Wind Power Base, China

7,065 MW

Jaisalmer Wind Park, India

1,600 MW

Alta Wind Center, California, U.S.

1,548 MW

Muppandal Wind Farm, India

1,500 MW

Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, Oregon, U.S.

   845 MW

Roscoe Wind Farm, Texas, U.S.

   782 MW

Horse Hollow Wind Farm, Texas, U.S.

   736 MW

Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm, Texas, U.S.

   663 MW

Walney Extension Offshore Wind Farm, U.K.

   659 MW

London Array Offshore Wind Farm, U.K.

   630 MW